Efektivitas Sanksi Pengebirian Dalam Undang-Undang Perlindungan Anak Terhadap Predator Seksual Di Indonesia

  • Meliana Damayanti Universitas Harapan Bangsa

Abstract

The focus of this paper is in area criminal law especially about the effectiveness of sanctions in the Child Protection Act against sexual predators in Indonesia related to additional punishment in the form of castration.  This kind of punishment is the answer of the President of Republic Indonesia, Joko Widodo, to cope with the cruel sexual harassment to children. The crime rate showed a marked increase day by day. Furthermore, the motive of the sexual predators is become widespread and occurs in almost all regions in Indonesia. The castration issue of sanctions is a controversial issue.  Many people concur with this kind of sanction. Meanwhile, others dis-agree on it because of some reasons. The purpose of this article is to review the formulation of a new sanction in Indonesia is regulated by Government Regulation of Lieu of Law (Perppu) No. 1 /2016 as the second amendment to the Child Protection Act that already issues as an Act. This article uses normative studies, including reviewing or analyzing primary and secondary data in the form of legal materials to understand the law as a set of rules or positive norms in the legislation system that regulates the human life which are the relevant regulations as well as the concept of punishment the principle of fairness. Hence, this article can be understood as a literature study. The objective of this article is considerable contribution for the policy maker to evaluate the new existing legislation and to suggest possibilities of law reform.

Keywords:  Children, Sanction, Child Protection, Sexual Predators, Indonesia.

References

Abdullah. (1994). The Penalty of Hand Amputation for thief in Islamic Justice. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0047235294900213
Abiad, N. and F. M. (2010). Criminal Law and The Rights of The Child in Muslim States: A Comparative and Analytical perspective. In Book. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kyV0EpoB0vMC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=who+is+baliq+person+in+Islamic+perspective&ots=KrDmSWHfyl&sig=cxIPyqCgX4dtonkZ8tH89CEavWg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=who is baliq person in Islamic perspective&f=false
Gosmani, G. K. (2014). Castration Laws: Marching Towards Imperfect Justice Title. Medico-Legal Journal, 82(2), 70–79. Retrieved from mlj.sagapub.com
Gunawan, T. . (2015). Konsep Pemidanaan Berbasis Nilai Kerugian Ekonomi. Yogyakarta: Genta Press.
Halgin, Richard P and Whitbourne, S. K. (2010). Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.
Hursch, H. and. (1979). Castration for sex offenders: Treatment or punishment? A review and critique of recent European literature. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01541244
Ihsanudin. (n.d.). Isi Lengkap Perppu Kebiri. Retrieved from https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2016/05/25/20464201/ini.isi.lengkap.perppu.kebiri
Kompas.com. (2015). Daftar Negara yang Memiliki Hukuman Kebiri. Kompas.Com. Retrieved from https://sains.kompas.com/read/2015/10/23/170000323/Daftar.Negara
KPAI, B. data. (n.d.). Data kasus perlindungan anak berdasarkan lokasi pengaduan dan pemantauan media se-Indonesia tahun 2011- 2016. Retrieved from http://bankdata.kpai.go.id/tabulasi-data/data-kasus-se-indonesia/data-kasus-perlindungan-anak-berdasarkan-lokasi-pengaduan-dan-pemantauan-media-se-indonesia-tahun-2011-2016
KUHP dan KUHAP. , (2012).
Lewis, C. S. (n.d.). the Humanitarian Theory of Punishment. Retrieved from http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/rsjud6.
Lubis, Todung Mulia and Lay, A. (2009). Kontroversi Hukuman Mati: Perbedaan Pendapat Hakim Konstitusi. Jakarta: Jakarta: Kompas.
Maharani, D. (n.d.). Ikatan dokter tolak jadi eksekutor hukuman kebiri. Kompas.Com. Retrieved from http://health.kompas.com/read/2016/06/09/163500423/ikatan.dokter.tolak.jadi.eksekutor.hukuman.kebiri
MD, M. (2010). Politik Hukum di Indonesia. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
Muladi etc. (1992). Bunga Rampai Hukum Pidana. bandung: Alumni.
Nabila Tashandra. (2016). IDI Tolak Jadi Eksekutor Hukuman Kebiri, Pukulan Telak Bagi Pemerintah. Kompas.Com. Retrieved from http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2016/06/10/07401521/idi.tolak.jadi.eksekutor.hukuman.kebiri.pukulan.telak.bagi.pemerintah
No.17/2016, U. (2016). www.hukumonline.com/pusatdata. 2014–2017. Retrieved from https://m.hukumonline.com/pusatdata/detail/lt584786efd1075/nprt/lt51f1152a8fbb3/undang-undang-nomor-17-tahun-2016
Peraturan.go.id. Perlindungan Anak. , Pub. L. No. No.35 Tahun 2014 (2014).
Post, T. J. (2016). Teenager sentenced to 10 years for role in gangrape , sadistic murder of girlfriend. 1–7. Retrieved from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/06/16/teenager-sentenced-to-10-years-for-role-in-gangrape-sadistic-murder-of-girlfriend.html
Purnomo, S. (2016). Menyoal (Mahalnya) Biaya Hukuman Kebiri. Https://Www.Jurnalasia.Com/Opini/Menyoal-Mahalnya-Biaya-Hukuman-Kebiri/. Retrieved from https://www.jurnalasia.com/opini/menyoal-mahalnya-biaya-hukuman-kebiri/
Right, U. N. of H. (n.d.). Convention on the Rights of the Child. Retrieved from https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx
UNICEF. (2002). Situation Analysis on the Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia.
VIII, K. (2016). Pemerintah belum Abdullah. (1994). The Penalty of Hand Amputation for thief in Islamic Justice. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0047235294900213
Abiad, N. and F. M. (2010). Criminal Law and The Rights of The Child in Muslim States: A Comparative and Analytical perspective. In Book. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kyV0EpoB0vMC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=who+is+baliq+person+in+Islamic+perspective&ots=KrDmSWHfyl&sig=cxIPyqCgX4dtonkZ8tH89CEavWg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=who is baliq person in Islamic perspective&f=false
Gosmani, G. K. (2014). Castration Laws: Marching Towards Imperfect Justice Title. Medico-Legal Journal, 82(2), 70–79. Retrieved from mlj.sagapub.com
Gunawan, T. . (2015). Konsep Pemidanaan Berbasis Nilai Kerugian Ekonomi. Yogyakarta: Genta Press.
Halgin, Richard P and Whitbourne, S. K. (2010). Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.
Hursch, H. and. (1979). Castration for sex offenders: Treatment or punishment? A review and critique of recent European literature. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01541244
Ihsanudin. (n.d.). Isi Lengkap Perppu Kebiri. Retrieved from https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2016/05/25/20464201/ini.isi.lengkap.perppu.kebiri
Kompas.com. (2015). Daftar Negara yang Memiliki Hukuman Kebiri. Kompas.Com. Retrieved from https://sains.kompas.com/read/2015/10/23/170000323/Daftar.Negara
KPAI, B. data. (n.d.). Data kasus perlindungan anak berdasarkan lokasi pengaduan dan pemantauan media se-Indonesia tahun 2011- 2016. Retrieved from http://bankdata.kpai.go.id/tabulasi-data/data-kasus-se-indonesia/data-kasus-perlindungan-anak-berdasarkan-lokasi-pengaduan-dan-pemantauan-media-se-indonesia-tahun-2011-2016
KUHP dan KUHAP. , (2012).
Lewis, C. S. (n.d.). the Humanitarian Theory of Punishment. Retrieved from http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/rsjud6.
Lubis, Todung Mulia and Lay, A. (2009). Kontroversi Hukuman Mati: Perbedaan Pendapat Hakim Konstitusi. Jakarta: Jakarta: Kompas.
Maharani, D. (n.d.). Ikatan dokter tolak jadi eksekutor hukuman kebiri. Kompas.Com. Retrieved from http://health.kompas.com/read/2016/06/09/163500423/ikatan.dokter.tolak.jadi.eksekutor.hukuman.kebiri
MD, M. (2010). Politik Hukum di Indonesia. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
Muladi etc. (1992). Bunga Rampai Hukum Pidana. bandung: Alumni.
Nabila Tashandra. (2016). IDI Tolak Jadi Eksekutor Hukuman Kebiri, Pukulan Telak Bagi Pemerintah. Kompas.Com. Retrieved from http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2016/06/10/07401521/idi.tolak.jadi.eksekutor.hukuman.kebiri.pukulan.telak.bagi.pemerintah
No.17/2016, U. (2016). www.hukumonline.com/pusatdata. 2014–2017. Retrieved from https://m.hukumonline.com/pusatdata/detail/lt584786efd1075/nprt/lt51f1152a8fbb3/undang-undang-nomor-17-tahun-2016
Peraturan.go.id. Perlindungan Anak. , Pub. L. No. No.35 Tahun 2014 (2014).
Post, T. J. (2016). Teenager sentenced to 10 years for role in gangrape , sadistic murder of girlfriend. 1–7. Retrieved from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/06/16/teenager-sentenced-to-10-years-for-role-in-gangrape-sadistic-murder-of-girlfriend.html
Purnomo, S. (2016). Menyoal (Mahalnya) Biaya Hukuman Kebiri. Https://Www.Jurnalasia.Com/Opini/Menyoal-Mahalnya-Biaya-Hukuman-Kebiri/. Retrieved from https://www.jurnalasia.com/opini/menyoal-mahalnya-biaya-hukuman-kebiri/
Right, U. N. of H. (n.d.). Convention on the Rights of the Child. Retrieved from https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx
UNICEF. (2002). Situation Analysis on the Juvenile Justice System in Indonesia.
VIII, K. (2016). Pemerintah belum dapat yakinkan DPR terkait eksekutor kebiri. Retrieved from dpr.go.id website: http://www.dpr.go.id/berita/detail/id/13659
Widjajanti, R. W. and E. (2015). The Double Track System in Sentencing Juvenile offender in Indonesia: Strengths and Weaknesses of The Juvenile Criminal Justice System Act 2012. IIUM, 23(3), 501–524. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/openview/5d1ce2a3b850ee715786ede671451398/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=54102
Widyaastuti, P. B. and I. D. (2016). Analisa hukum Kebiri untuk pelaku kekerasan seksual pada anak ditinjau dari pemidanaan di Indonesia. Retrieved from ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/kerthawicara/article/.../13798
Yulius, H. (n.d.). Chemical castration not answers rapists. TheJakarta Post.Com. Retrieved from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/05/27/chemical-castration-not-answer-rapists.html
Published
2019-12-13
Section
Articles