Abstract

Background : Retained placenta is a complication that can occur on the third
stage of labor. Based on the results of pre-survey conducted on December 3, 2009
in dr. R. Goeteng Taroenadibrata there are 90 people (10.4%) experienced a
retained placenta of 862 spontaneous labor.
Objective : Know the description of factors that affect the incidence of retained
placenta in dr. R. Goeteng Taroenadibrata 2009.
Method : This research is quantitative descriptive retrospective approach.
Research uses secondary data from the register book and a medical record of the
patient.
Result : The majority of respondents either with or without a retained placenta
retained placenta were in the age group 20-35 years. The majority of respondents
either with or without a retained placenta retained placenta are at parity group
multiparas. The majority of respondents either with or without a retained placenta
retained placenta were in the group do not have a history of previous uterine
curettage. There are differences between respondents with and without retained
placenta retained placenta retained placenta that a majority of respondents with a
history of previous retained placenta retained placenta, while respondents without
a majority did not have a history of previous retained placenta. The majority of
respondents either with or without a retained placenta retained placenta were in
the group do not have a history of placenta previa.
Conclusion : There is equality of outcome between the mother retained placenta
and without retained placenta in age, parity, history of previous uterine curettage,
and a history of placenta previa, and there are differences in the results of the
factor prior history of retained placenta.


Keyword : Retained placenta, age, parity, history of previous uterine curettage, a
history of previous retained placenta, placenta previa history.