Abstract

Backround: Indonesia had high number of maternal mortality and one of the causes was
caused of bleeding in delivery. The number of bleeding at RSUD Yogyakarta increases from
0,93% in 2008 to 1,88% in 2009, meanwhile at RBG Yogyakarta in 2009 the number of
bleeding was 0%. One of the ways to prevent the bleeding is by doing early breastfeeding
initiation that can stimulate utery contraction so that can make duration of third stage of labor
faster and decrease the bleeding in delivery. Althuogh the beneficients of IMD have been
known, but there are still many hospitals and others health service places haven’t done IMD.
Objectives :the purpose of this research was to know the effect of early breastfeeding
initiation to the duration of third stage of labor by delivery mother in RSUD and RBG
Yogyakarta City at 2010
Methods : this study was experiment research by using static group comparison of pra
experiment design. The locations are in RSUD and RBG Yogyakarta city. In this research
used early breastfeeding initiation as independent variable and duration of third stage of labor
as dependent variable.the data scale used nominal and rasio. The samples were 60 persons
from population that fulfill the criteria. Data analysis used independent t-test to understand
the effect of early breastfeeding initiation to the duration of third stage of labor.
Result : from 60 respondents, 30 persons (50%) being experiment group and 30 persons
(50%) being control group and the average duration of third delivery phase for experiment
group were 6,10+1,67 minutes and for control group 9,73+1,89 minutes. t-account (7.888)
was higher than t-table (1.671) ) and p value = 0,000 (p < 0,05) so Ho was unacceptable and
it means that there was an effect of early breastfeeding initiation to the duration of third stage
of labor
Conclutions: there was an effect of early breastfeeding initiation to duration of third stage of
labor by delivery mother.
Keywords: early breastfeeding initiation, the duration of third stage of labor.