Abstract

Background: One of the causes of the high maternal mortality rate is
preeclampsia-eclampsia were ranked second after the bleeding with a percentage
of 25% of all causes of maternal mortality. The incidence of preeclampsia in
Saras Husada Hospital Purworejo continues to increase every year. In 2009 a
total of 90 cases (4.01%) of the 2,243 deliveries and increased in 2010 to 142
cases (6.23%) of the 2,280 deliveries.
Objective: To determine the characteristics of the birth mothers with
preeclampsia in Saras Husada Hospital Purworejo 2009-2010.
Methods: This research method is quantitative descriptive retrospective
approach. The population in this study were all women giving birth with 232
maternal preeclampsia, the sampling technique total sampling amounted to 232
maternal. This study uses secondary data extracted from medical records space
Saras Husada Hospital Purworejo. Instrument in this study using the master
table.
Results: The incidence of preeclampsia 2009-2010yaitu period 5.13%.
Based on the classification of preeclampsia, the majority of women suffer from
severe preeclampsia at 76.72%. Characteristics of maternal preeclampsia based
on the age of majority in the age group 20-35 years who suffered severe
preeclampsia majority of 59.05%, based largely on the parity parity groups 2-5
(multiparous) that a majority of 43.10% experienced severe preeclampsia and
preeclampsia 14.66% lighter.
Conclusion: Characteristics of maternal preeclampsia based on the age of
majority at the age of 20-35 years is 75.86%, based on the parity mostly occurs in
2-5 parity (multiparous) is 57.76%.
Keywords: maternal characteristics, preeclampsia.