Abstract

Maternal mortality rate in Indonesia is still high and is a major concern for health
development in Indonesia. Preeclampsia is a cause of maternal and perinatal
mortality is high, especially in developing countries like Indonesia. Past medical
history is a factor of preeclampsia. Existing conditions can include diabetes mellitus,
heart disease and hypertension. Hospital Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo is the biggest
referral hospital in Banyumas regency, the data obtained the incidence of
preeclampsia in the year 2011 as many as 374 cases (16.12%), in 2012 as many as
551 cases (16.59%) and increased in the year 2013 as many as 555 cases (16.46%).
The aim of research to determine the relationship between a history of DM disease
with an incidence of preeclampsia in women giving birth in hospitals Prof. Dr.
Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto. This research is descriptive correlation with
retrospective approach, the population of all women giving birth in hospitals
Prof.Dr.Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto in 2013 as many as 3371 women giving birth,
the sampling technique is purposive sampling with 97 women who develop
preeclampsia. The type of data using secondary data and instrument used master
tables as well as data analysis using Chi-square. The result showed a large majority
of respondents do not have a history of diabetes were 51 respondents (52.6%), mostly
experienced preeclampsia of 50 respondents (51.5%). There is a relationship between
a history of DM with the incidence of preeclampsia in maternal (þ-value (0.003) <α
(0.05). There is a relationship between a history of diabetes mellitus with
preeclampsia


Keywords: history of diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, Mother Maternity