Abstract

Background: In Indonesia in 2007, the infant mortality 34 / 1,000 births. One of
the causes of respiratory disorders (asphyxia neonatorum) 37%. Data in dr. R
Goeteng Taroenadibrata Year 2010 - 2011 out of 2427 deliveries, a total of 119
cases of asphyxia neonatorum (4.90%) cases.


Objective: To determine factors that cause asphyxia Neonatorum picture of the
newborn in dr. R. Goeteng Taroenadibrata Purbalingga Year 2010-2014
Methods: Retrospective descriptive quantitative approach. Purposive sampling
technique samples, types of data collection instruments Secondary master data
tables, univariate analysis.


Results: The incidence of asphyxia neonatorum in the newborn in dr. R Goeteng
Taroenadirata Purbalingga years 2010 - 2011 was 102 cases, 17 cases meeting
criteria for exclusion, died 18 (0.74%) cases from 2427 deliveries. Based largely
due to maternal factors Membranes Premature Rupture of 27 cases (26.5%).
Based largely due to factors Placenta Placental abruption 3 cases (2.9%). Based
on Fetus factors caused coil cord 7 cases (6.9%). Based Neonatal factors largely
due to premature babies 12 cases (11.8%).


Conclusions: Factors that cause asphyxia Neonatorum largely due to premature
rupture of membranes, placenta abruption, nuchal cord, Premature Babies.
Keywords: Causes of asphyxia neonatorum, Newborn