Abstract

Hypertension is one of the global public health problem. Management of overcoming
hypertension include two types of management, they are pharmacological and nonpharmacological
management.
One
of
non-pharmacological
management
is
a
warm
water
therapy.


Warm


water therapy is useful in reducing muscle contractions that can lead to a relaxed feelling
and reduce hypertension. The purpose of this research was to know the difference in blood
pressure before and after the warm water therapy in patients with hypertension at tambaksari,
kembaran. this research used pre experiment method with one group pre-test and post-test design.
Research instrument used were sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, thermometer and observation
sheet. Population and sample in this research were members of elderly posyandu with hypertension
at Tambaksari. The sampling technique used in this research was Simple Random Sampling.
Statistical test used was paired t-test with α value was 5%. The results showed that before being
given a warm water therapy systolic blood pressure average was of 170 mmHg and diastolic was
90,36 mmHg. The result after bing given warm water therapy systolic blood pressure average was
155,36 mmHg and diastolic one was 84,64 mmHg. The average decline of systolic blood pressure
was 14, 643 mmHg and 5,714 mmHg of diastolic one. It showed there is a significant difference of
systolic and diastolic blood pressure before and after being given warm water therapy. The
conclusion of this research that there is the differences in blood pressure before and after being
given the warm water therapy in patient (Ï=0,000).




Keywords: warm water therapy, elderly, hypertension