https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/issue/feed Viva Medika: Jurnal Kesehatan, Kebidanan dan Keperawatan 2021-02-19T02:56:42+07:00 Fauziah Hanum Nur Adriyani fauziahhanum@uhb.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><img src="/public/site/images/fauzi0787/COVER_VIVA_MEDIKA_Maret_0011.png" width="240" height="318"></p> <p><strong>Viva Medika</strong>&nbsp;Is a journal that publishes articles or research results relating to health, nursing and midwifery issues. Viva Medika is published by Harapan Bangsa University twice a year (September and February). The mission of the Journal of Viva Medika is to disseminate and discuss scientific writings on midwifery, nursing, and various issues within the scope of health problems. This journal is intended as a medium of communication for lecturers and people who have attention to health, obstetrics, nursing.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/520 STUDI LITERATUR PENGARUH TERAPI NEBILISER PADA PASIEN ASMA 2021-02-18T18:01:27+07:00 Siti Azizah ferryazizah1613@gmail.com Tri Nurhudi Sasono ferryazizah1613@gmail.com <p>Asthma is a health problem that is still commonly found in the environment around us, with prominent symptoms are measa shortness of breath, and an increase in the frequency of breathing, resulting in breathing patterns become ineffective. . One intervention that is usually given by a doctor in a hospital is the administration of a nebulizer, which can relieve asthma symptoms. The purpose of writing this literature is to conduct a literature review analysis of Nebulizer administration in bronchial as</p> <p>Asthma is a health problem that is still commonly found in the environment around us, with prominent symptoms are measa shortness of breath, and an increase in the frequency of breathing, resulting in breathing patterns become ineffective. . One intervention that is usually given by a doctor in a hospital is the administration of a nebulizer, which can relieve asthma symptoms. The purpose of writing this literature is to conduct a literature review analysis of Nebulizer administration in bronchial asthma. namely through national and international articles obtained from google scholar and crossref, the articles used were articles published in 2010-2020 with a total of 6 articles that fit the inclusion criteria. Data obtained, analyzed and compiled systematically and discussed. The results showed that the administration of nebulizer in bronchial asthma was very influential and efficient in relieving bronchial asthma, either by dilution or without dilution.</p> <p>thma. namely through national and international articles obtained from google scholar and crossref, the articles used were articles published in 2010-2020 with a total of 6 articles that fit the inclusion criteria. Data obtained, analyzed and compiled systematically and discussed. The results showed that the administration of nebulizer in bronchial asthma was very influential and efficient in relieving bronchial asthma, either by dilution or without dilution.</p> 2021-02-18T17:36:13+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/524 STUDI LITERATUR EFEKTIFITAS KOMPRES HANGAT TERHADAP PENURUNAN SUHU PADA DEMAM THYPOID 2021-02-18T18:01:55+07:00 Fira Septia Ningsih firaseptianingsih23@gmail.com <p>Abstract<br>Fever is an increase in body temperature above normal. It can also be a sign that the body has an infection. One of them is typhoid fever, which is a fever that is experienced by typhoid sufferers because of an acute infection in the digestive tract. Reducing or controlling fever in a fever can be done in various ways, one of which is the warm compress method. This study is a literature review (literature review) which aims to examine various studies on the relationship of giving warm compresses in reducing fever in patients with typhoid. The search for journal articles was carried out using several databases namely google proquise and google scholar by entering the keywords "warm compress" "hyperthermia" and "typoid fever", until selected journals were deemed relevant in a number of 6 journals published from 2011 to 2018. Criteria journals reviewed are journals published within the last 8 years in accordance with inclusion criteria. The data obtained are analyzed and compiled systematically. The results of the literature study found that warm compresses are proven to help the body's physioligical reaction, which is a large dilation of blood to sweat, by increasing evaporation arising from warm sensations in the compress.</p> <p>Keywords: fever, typhoid, warm compresses, effective</p> 2021-02-18T17:39:37+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/525 LITERATURE REVIEW : TERAPI NON FARMAKOLOGI PADA KLIEN POST OPERASI HERNIOTOMI DENGAN NYERI AKUT 2021-02-18T18:02:46+07:00 Luh Condrosasi luhcondrosasi6@gmail.com <p><strong>Background:</strong> Hernia is an emergency condition that requires immediate treatment by performing surgery in the form of a herniotomy surgery. An incision during a herniotomy can cause tissue damage, which can lead to postoperative pain or surgery. <strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of this review literature is to analyze what non-pharmacological therapies can be used to treat post herniotomy surgery pain. <strong>Method</strong><strong>:</strong> This study explores quantitative evidence or the results of 11 scientific journals published in an electronic database in the form of Google Scholar by including three keywords in the form of "non pharmacological therapy", "post herniotomy surgery" and "acute pain" and is limited to the range of 2011- 2020. <strong>Results:</strong> The results of 11 research journals that have been reviewed there are several non-pharmacological therapies that can be used to reduce pain intensity in herniotomy postoperative patients, including distraction techniques in the form of classical music therapy and listening therapy to read the Qur'an (murrotal therapy), hand-held therapy fingers, deep breathing relaxation techniques, the merging of SEFT (Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique) therapy and listening therapy to the reading of the Qur'an (murrotal therapy) as well as a combination of deep breathing relaxation and early mobilization. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> After being given non-pharmacological therapy the intensity of the respondent's pain decreased and the respondent appeared to be calmer and relaxed.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> non pharmacological therapy, post herniotomy surgery, acute pain.</p> 2021-02-18T17:44:38+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/528 PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI DALAM MENURUNKAN KECEMASAN PASIEN ANAK JELANG TINDAKAN OPERASI; TINJAUAN LITERATUR 2021-02-18T18:03:55+07:00 Dewi Puriani purianidewi@gmail.com Allenidekania Allenidekania, Dr. alleni@ui.ac.id <p><em>Introduction: Anxious and fear in pediatric patients before surgery is a challenge for health workers in the operating room, especially nurses. Various factors cause and ultimately affect the initial period to post-surgery. Distraction techniques have been known to be effective in reducing anxiety in pediatric patients before surgery. The use of technology can be an alternative distraction technique as part of non-pharmacological atraumatic treatment before surgery. The purpose of this study is to identify several non-pharmacological distraction techniques using technology. Method: Literature study was made by analyzing research articles published from 2013 to 2019 and in English. Data obtained from electronic databases Scopus, PubMed, Proquest, ScienceDirect, and Ebsco by using the keywords: "preoperative anxiety", "children", and "technology". Results: There were 10 quantitative research articles that met the inclusion criteria. The results of the study found that there are several non-pharmacological distraction techniques in reducing the anxiety of pediatric patients before surgery by utilizing technology, including virtual reality, handheld video games, video distraction, and smartphone / tablet-based educational multimedia.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-02-18T17:47:05+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/587 PENGARUH KONSUMSI HERBAL TERHADAP KONTRAKSI ALAMIAH PADA IBU BERSALIN 2021-02-19T01:56:35+07:00 Ima Syamrotul Muflihah ima.syamrotul@gmail.com <p><em>ABSTRAC</em></p> <p><em>His or uterine contractions during labor is one of the factors that determine the progress of labor. Progress in labor is marked by an increase in the duration, intensity and frequency of uterine contractions accompanied by the progress of cervical thinning and the decline of the baby. One of the efforts made to improve his mother in labor is to induce labor. One of the community responses to this is the development of a habit of consuming plants that are believed to help launch labor. WHO has also allowed the use of medicinal plants as a form of alternative therapy, the use of which is tailored to the purpose and efficacy of plants. The purpose of quantitative research is to determine the benefits of the influence of herbs on natural contractions (his) in maternity and the purpose of qualitative research is the type of herbs consumed. The research methods are mixed methods sequential explanatory design. Pineapple is a natural material that most respondents consume to stimulate natural contractions that cause adequate contractions.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Herbs, Natural Contractions, delivery labor</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2021-02-18T17:49:27+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/551 Model Asuhan MODEL ASUHAN KEBIDANAN PENCEGAHAN DINI TERINTEGRASI UNTUK MENCEGAH KEKERASAN SEKSUAL PADA ANAK 3-5 TAHUN 2019 2021-02-19T02:56:42+07:00 OD Sariningsih odsari@yahoo.co.id <p><sup>Child welfare is part of midwifery care. The phenomenon of sexual violence against children is increasingly occurring and is becoming almost global in various countries and continues to increase over time. Incidents of sexual violence that occurred during childhood (before age 15) one in five men (22.2%, 95% CI 20.5 to 23.9) and one in seven women (15.5%; 95% CI 14.1 to 17.0 ) reports of victims of physical or sexual violence during childhood. Perpetrators are family members (43%), fathers / stepfathers (29%) and teachers (15%), neighbors (20%), others (18%) and unknown strangers (15%). Child abuse in West Java reached 78 cases. The most reported violence occurred in Cirebon District (16 cases), Bogor City (11 cases), Bandung City (10 cases), and Bandung Regency (13 cases). The Early Prevention Midwifery Care Model is integrated into a strategy for preventing sexual violence in children 3-5 years by involving kindergarten teachers and parents of students. The study design used a quasi-experimental control group and intervention group through intervention, intervention and post intervention. The intervention population of 15 kindergarten children, parents and 2 teachers in TK SDK BPPK Bandung and a control group of 15 kindergarten children, parents and 2 teachers in TK BPPK Cimahi. The intervention group was given a model of integrated midwifery care through methods of preventing sexual violence against children. The control group was given an intervention about immunization. The analysis showed that there were significant differences before and after the intervention model of Midwifery Prevention Prevention Integrated Sexual Violence in Children 3-5 years was given, p = 0.004.</sup></p> 2021-02-18T17:51:31+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/550 KEBUTUHAN SPIRITUAL PADA PASIEN KANKER : LITERATURE REVIEW 2021-02-18T18:05:08+07:00 ADIRATNA SEKAR SIWI adiratnasekarsiwi@uhb.ac.id <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>ABSTRACT</em></strong></p> <p><em>Cancer is a disease that occurs due to the growth of an abnormal mass of body tissue cells that cannot be controlled, and can affect the surrounding organs. </em><em>Physical problems, psychological problems, and spiritual problems are the impact of cancer. Spiritual needs can increase the individual's capability when solving the disease, and can shorten the recovery time apart from the therapy being undertaken. The purpose of this research is toknow the spiritual needs of cancer patients. Method this research uses a literature study method or literature review, and the PICOS framework is an approach to obtaining articles in this study, with data sources obtained from search engines, namely Google Schoolar, NCBI (Pubmed), Garuda and SINTA. The criteria for the journal to be reviewed are research journal articles with the subject of cancer patients about their spiritual needs with a period of journal publication in 2014-2020. The search for literature was carried out in April - July 2020. The results of this study found that the spiritual needs of cancer patients are worship, praying for their illness (praying for themselves, praying with others, and being prayed for by others) reading the Al-Qur’an. , reading the dhikr, forgive, find peace, nurse spiritual encouragement, looking for meaning and purpose in life, trying to live beside his illness, the need for peace, and seeing other people happy. Conclusion: in this study </em><em>the religious dimension (Religion) was chosen by cancer patients as the dimension of spiritual need that is most needed compared to other dimensions.</em><em> then as a health worker who is near the patient, nurses are expected to be able to provide nursing care related to fulfilling spiritual needs.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Spiritual needs, Cancer patients</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-02-18T17:53:37+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/557 ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN PADA AN.N DENGAN DIARE CAIR AKUT (DCA) DI RUANG SERUNI RSUD KABUPATEN MUNTILAN 2021-02-19T01:54:43+07:00 Irma Krismawati irmakrismawati058@gmail.com Ajeng Dewi Wuulansari ajengdewiwul3@gmail.com Tulus Puji Hastuti tuluspujihastuti@poltekkes-smg.ac.id <p><em>Diarrhea is a disease caused by the environment. It is still the biggest health problem in Indonesia due to poor condition of resources, environment and people's behavior to live a clean and healthy life. If diarrhea is defined as a condition, abnormal bowel movements that are more than 3 times a day with a consistency of liquid stool can be accompanied by blood or mucus. The research objective was to describe the management of pediatric nursing care with a focus on the study of acute liquid diarrhea. This research is a field research (field research) using a qualitative descriptive approach. The results of this study indicate a significant result of intervention through the client's family which has a great influence on the client's care and recovery.</em></p> 2021-02-18T17:55:33+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/562 GAMBARAN KERAGAMAN PANGAN, POLA ASUH MAKAN DAN HYGIENE PADA BALITA STUNTING 2021-02-19T01:57:38+07:00 Septyo Abdi Purwoko septyoap@gmail.com <p>Stunting merupakan masalah kesehatan yang banyak ditemukan di negara berkembang, termasuk <br>Indonesia. Balita yang mengalami stunting memiliki risiko terjadinya penurunan intelektual, <br>produktivitas dan peningkatan risiko penyakit degeneratif dimasa mendatang seperti penyakit <br>jantung, stroke, diabetes dan ginjal. Penyebab terjadinya stunting yaitu kurangnya asupan gizi, <br>ekonomi, penyakit infeksi, pengetahuan ibu yang kurang, pola asuh yang salah, sanitasi dan <br>hygiene yang buruk dan pelayanan kesehatan yang rendah Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk <br>mengetahui gambaran keragaman pangan, pola asuh makan dan hygiene pada balita stunting. <br>Desain penelitiannya adalah deskriptif dengan jenis penelitian studi literatur review. Kriteria <br>pemilihan artikel antara lain jangka waktu dengan menggunakan rentang waktu penerbitan <br>maksimal 5 tahun terakhir (2016-2020), bahasa yang digunakan bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa <br>Inggris, subjek yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah balita stunting, jenis jurnal yang digunakan <br>original artikel bukan review artikel , tema isi jurnal dalam penelitian ini adalah balita stunting dan <br>jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif. Data yang digunakan dalam <br>penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder. Hasil penelitian dari hasil penelusuran 17 jurnal <br>diketahui bahwa keberagaman pangan pada balita stunting sebagian besar dalam kategori tidak <br>beragam (71,4%), pola asuh makan pada balita stunting sebagian besar dalam kategori tidak baik <br>(83,3%), dan praktik hygiene pada balita stunting sebagian besar dalam kategori tidak baik (60%).<br>Kata Kunci: Keberagaman Pangan, Pola Asuh Makan, Hygiene, Stunting</p> 2021-02-18T17:57:10+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/561 EFEKTIVITAS TERAPI MUSIK TERHADAP PENURUNAN STRES KERJA PERAWAT DI INSTALASI RAWAT JALAN RUMAH SAKIT UMUM HARAPAN IBU PURBALINGGA PADA MASA PANDEMI 2021-02-19T01:55:52+07:00 ERINA Ina Rina erinarshi@gmail.com <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>ABSTRACT</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The Covid pandemic has become a threat to health for people in the world, including Indonesia. Nurses as the vanguard provide an important role in handling Covid-19. However, working can not be separated from challenges faced. These challenges can be stressful for nurses. Work stress is a response that is not specific to the demands obtained which gives an impact on a person's physical and psychological condition. The perceived stress will have an impact on one's performance, therefore, stress must be avoided. Listening to music is one way to reduce work stress levels. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of music therapy to reduce the work stress of nurses in the Outpatient Department of Harapan Ibu Purbalingga Hospital. The method used was the pre-trial design with the one group pre-test-post-test method. The measuring instrument used was a job stress questionnaire. The research sample used wasa total sampling technique of 31 people. The results of data analysis shows that the work stress level of nurses before being given music therapy was at most in the category of work stress level of 61.3%. Meanwhile, after being given music therapy, the work stress level of nurses was in the category of mild stress level of 96.8%. The results of the paired sample-test showed p value &lt;α 0,000 or p &lt;α 0.05. The conclusion of this study is that there is the difference in the work stress level of nurses before and after being given music therapy, music therapy is effective in reducing the work stress of nurses in the Outpatient Department of Harapan Ibu Purbalingga Hospital.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Music Therapy, Work Stress, Covid-19</p> 2021-02-18T17:58:52+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.uhb.ac.id/index.php/VM/article/view/526 EVALUASI PSIKOEDUKASI TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK: KAJIAN LITERATUR 2021-02-19T02:54:56+07:00 Muhamad Jauhar muhamadjauhar@poltekkes-smg.ac.id widya Agustiani muhamadjauhar@poltekkes-smg.ac.id Sugih Wijayati muhamadjauhar@poltekkes-smg.ac.id <p>Chronic kidney disease is one of the health problems in the world. Chronic kidney disease as a complication of other chronic diseases such as hypertension. Management of chronic kidney disease in the final stages is done through hemodialysis therapy. The therapy is carried out throughout the patient's life. One impact that occurs if the problem is not handled properly is a decrease in quality of life. One non-pharmacological intervention to improve the quality of life is psychoeducation. The design of this study used a literature review from the journal database PubMed and Google Scholar obtained 10 research articles. Keywords used are psychoeducation and, Chronic Kidney Disease","quality of life and, Chronic Kidney<em> Disease</em>. Analysis of the research article uses a table format containing the title, author, year, method, results, and recommendations. Inclusion criteria for the last 5 years of publication deadline and original research. Based on the results of the analysis found that psychoeducation therapy can improve the quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease. The advantage is that it can increase self-acceptance of health problems experienced. The disadvantage is the therapeutic effect shows differences in each patient because it is influenced by several factors. The results of the analysis can be used as a baseline for nurses in developing non-pharmacological interventions in the process of nursing care for clients with chronic kidney disease with problems of decreased quality of life. So that the psychological impact and complications of the disease can be prevented.</p> 2021-02-19T02:50:14+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##