Viva Medika: Jurnal Kesehatan, Kebidanan dan Keperawatan <p><strong>Viva Medika</strong>&nbsp;Is a journal that publishes articles or research results relating to health, nursing and midwifery issues. Viva Medika is published by Harapan Bangsa University twice a year (September and February). The mission of the Journal of Viva Medika is to disseminate and discuss scientific writings on midwifery, nursing, and various issues within the scope of health problems. This journal is intended as a medium of communication for lecturers and people who have attention to health, obstetrics, nursing.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>Submitted paper will be&nbsp; firstly reviewed by the editors to determine whether the paper meet the edition theme and submission guidelines. Papers which meet the theme and the guidelines will be assigned to selected reviewers for peer-reviews. Viva Medika: Jurnal Kesehatan, Kebidanan dan Keperawatan is a double blind peer-reviewed journal which involves&nbsp; reviewers based on their experties relevant to the topic of the paper. Final decision of paper acceptance is solely decided by the editors according to reviewers' comment.</p> <p>Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are prohibited. Viva Medika: Jurnal Kesehatan, Kebidanan dan Keperawatan uses PlagiarismCheckerX and iThenticate to scan papers for detecting plagiarism. Thus, Appropriate citation and quotation should be used</p> (Fauziah Hanum Nur Adriyani) (Administrator) Thu, 06 Jan 2022 10:32:20 +0700 OJS 60 KADAR ASAM URAT METODE ENZIMATIK PADA SAMPEL SERUM DAN SAMPEL PLASMA EDTA (Studi di Puskesmas Tambakrejo Jombang) <p><em>Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism. Purines are amine compounds that are part of the protein that make up the body. Uric acid is distributed to blood plasma, synovial fluid, liver and several other organs, then excreted by the kidneys in urine. Examination of uric acid levels is usually used serum and plasma EDTA samples. This study aims to determine the differences in uric acid levels with the enzymatic method in serum and plasma EDTA samples.</em></p> <p><em>This research uses analytic observation type with cross sectional approach. &nbsp;</em><em>The population was all residents who participated in the counseling activities on the dangers of</em> <em>smoking, amounting to 33 people, a sample of 15 people taken by purposive sampling aged&gt; 40 years. The data were processed using editing, coding, tabulating and analyzed using the independent T-test statistical test at an error level of 5%. The results showed that the serum sample had an average uric acid level of 6.76 mg / dl while the uric acid level of the EDTA plasma sample had an average of 6.79 mg / dl. The independent T-test was tolerated p = 0.729, p&gt;α , H0 is rejected. The study concluded that there was no significant difference between the results of examining uric acid levels using serum samples and EDTA plasma samples.</em></p> Sri Sayekti ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 09:18:52 +0700 PENGARUH KANGOROO MOTHER CARE TERHADAP PENURUNAN NYERI SAAT PROSEDUR INVASIF ; PENGAMBILAN DARAH PADA BAYI PREMATUR DI NICU: LITERATUR REVIEW <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="583"> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Background</p> <p>Premature babies are babies born before 37 weeks of gestation. Immaturity in organ systems impacts the survival of the baby because of the abnormalities that accompany it. Therefore, babies must be treated in a special care room, especially in the Neonatal Intensive Car Unit (NICU) to get proper therapy and care. Every day babies who are admitted to the NICU undergo several procedures and some of the procedures cause pain and stress to the baby. Minimizing pain in infants undergoing invasive procedures is not effective with pharmacology but is effective with non pharmacological techniques. Several effective measures that can provide sensory stimulation, one of which is Kangoroo Mother Care (KMC).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Purpose</p> <p>This study aims to determine the effect of KMC on pain reduction during invasive procedures in premature infants in the NICU room.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Method</p> <p>Literature research uses computerized data based, namely through Google Scholar, Pubmed and Science Direct which is published in English with keywords: Kangoroo, Mother Care, Pain, preterm neonate</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Result</p> <p>The results of 5 search articles stated that there was an effect of KMC on pain reduction during invasive procedures in premature infants with a minimum of 15 minutes of KMC before an invasive procedure was carried out.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>Premature babies who received KMC before the blood collection procedure experienced a smaller pain response compared to preterm infants who did not undergo KMC before the procedure.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Puji Indriyani, Christina Trisnawati Setiawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 09:20:54 +0700 PENGARUH PENGETAHUAN DAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP SELF CARE MANAJEMENT PADA PENDERITA HIPERTENSI DENGAN PENDEKATAN TEORI DOREOTHEA E OREM <p><em>Self care management in patients with hypertension is an individual's ability to carry out self-activities to maintain life, improve and maintain health for individual well-being to avoid complications.</em><em> The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of knowledge and family support on Self-care Management in Hypertensive Patients with Dhorothea E Orem Theory Approach. This type of research is a quantitative study, using andesign analytical descriptive with aapproach cross-sectional. Samples were taken using a purposive sampling technique in the elderly posyandu in Pamotan Village as many as 65 respondents. Data collection was done by distributing questionnaires to respondents. The statistical test used is multiple linear regression analysis test. The results show that there is an influence on the knowledge variable with a&nbsp; p-value 0.004 and a regression coefficient of 1.051, and there is an influence on thesupport variable&nbsp;familywith a p-value of 0.007 and a regression coefficient value</em> <em>of 0.248. Based on these statistical results, it was concluded that the variables of knowledge and family support had an effect on self-care management in patients with hypertension.</em></p> Ike Pramadaningati, Wiwit Dwi Nurbadriyah, Riza Fikriana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 09:23:12 +0700 PENGARUH EDUKASI EVAKUASI MANDIRI TERHADAP KESIAPSIAGAAN MAHASISWA TERHADAP BENCANA GEMPA BUMI <p>Indonesia is one of the countries that has experienced natural disasters due to Indonesia's geographic conditions which are included in the Ring of fire or a series of active volcanoes which often result in volcanic earthquakes and tectonic earthquakes that can cause property and life losses. This condition makes all elements of society obliged to know about preventive measures in disaster conditions, especially earthquake disasters, one of the prevention of the number of casualties during an earthquake disaster is by means of independent evacuation. The community's lack of understanding about the handling of independent evacuation, especially when an earthquake disaster can cause casualties. Students must also have an understanding of self-evacuation in order to improve preparedness and provide knowledge to the wider community. So this research is to determine the effect of independent evacuation training on earthquake disaster preparedness by using a research sample of 110 students conducted in august 2020 by following health protocol because it is still a covid pandemic 19. This type of research is a quasi experimental design with one group pre and posttest with data analysis methods using Wilcoxon showing the p value = 0.000 (p value &lt;0.05) with the results of the research showing that before training was not ready 75%, less ready 35%, ready 0%, and after training the category of not ready is 0%, 14 people are not ready or 13%, and those who are ready are 96 respondents or 86%. So showing independent evacuation training can improve student preparedness against earthquakes.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> gatot suparmanto suparmanto, Ika Subekti Wulandari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0700 FACTORS RELATED TO NURSE’S JOB STRESS AT HOSPITALS TYPE IN B BATAM <p><em>Nurses often face to situations that can cause job stress Nurses often face to situations that can cause job stress. </em><em>This study aims to determine the factors related to nurse’s job stress at hospitals type B Batam in 2015. The study used descriptive analytic design with cross sectional approach. The sample consisted of 193 nurses by simple random sampling. The results showed more than half of the&nbsp; nurses experienced severe job stress (57%) were derived from heavy workload (64.4%), cases of death and dying (68.4%), emotional preparation inadequate (64.1%), uncertainty about treatment (71.8%), conflicts with doctors (73.9%), problems with co-workers (70.7%), problems with the supervisor (70.8) and problems with patient and family (66.7%). There is significant relathionship of eight of job stress factors to nurse’s job stress </em><em>(p&lt;0,05)</em><em>. </em><em>The most dominant factor affected nurse’s job stress is a problem with a co-worker</em><em>. The study recommends that we need to improve communication among in nurses</em></p> Eka Roza Wijaya, Yulia Yasman, Dachriyanus Dachriyanus ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 09:32:20 +0700 SISTEMATIK REVIEW : FIT ORANG DAN LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP KESUKSESAN KARIR <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><em>This systematic review is aimed at reviewing the relevant literature on career success. The fit of people and the environment is an important example of career success. There is very little research on how fit people and environments are to career success.</em></p> <p><em>The method in this research is done by searching the library which involves several electronic data bases. The search process involved science direct, scopus, emeraldinsight, wileyonlinelibrary, Elsevier science, SAGE journal, google scholar. Several articles were published between 1998 – 2017 using the keywords career and career success Results: 7 articles that discuss career success, three of which most often reveal career success which has a relationship with individual personality</em></p> <p><em>The results show that the fit of people and the environment is an important example of career success.</em><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;Keywords: Career, Career Success</strong></p> Wiwik Priyatin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 09:34:39 +0700 DAMPAK PENJEPITAN TALI PUSAT TERTUNDA PADA BAYI BARU LAHIR : LITERATUR REVIEW <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>ABSTRACT</em></strong></p> <p><em>The umbilical cord is an essential life-sustaining support that represents a strong connection to the fetomaternal interface, functioning to support fetal development and fetal neuro-motor development. When the baby is born, the umbilical cord is cut, and there is a residual stump that must dry and fall off by day 5 to 15 after birth. In the active management of the third stage of labor, the World Health Organization (1998) recommends clamping the umbilical cord early for 1 minute. While The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends delaying the clamping of the umbilical cord early / immediately after the baby is born, so when is the best time to clamp the umbilical cord after the baby is born is still controversial. This study aims to determine the effect of delayed umbilical cord clamping on newborns. Either positive or negative impact. Methods: Literature search involving the Science Direct database and published articles published between 2016-2021 with the key words effect the timing of umbilical cord Clamping; Results: 7 articles discussed the effect of the timing of umbilical cord clamping in infants. The results in the analysis revealed the impact of delaying umbilical cord clamping, both positive and negative impacts. Conclusion: Delayed cord clamping of more than 5 minutes has been shown to have lower residual placental blood volume. This is associated with higher ferritin levels and hemoglobin levels. Researchers chose to use a cord clamping time of more than 5 minutes (more than 60%) because delayed cord clamping in newborns is a vulnerable part of the population. It is important to continue to investigate further to identify the impact of delayed clamping on infants.</em></p> Sulistyowati Sulistyowati ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 09:37:15 +0700 PENGARUH SELF MANAJEMEN DAN KONSEP DIRI TERHADAP KUALITAS HIDUP PADA PASIEN HIV / AIDS <p><strong><em>ABSTRACT</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong></p> <p><em>The increasing number of patients with HIV/AIDS in the world and Indonesia requires to be more aware of the spread and transmission of this virus. People infected with HIV-AIDS are not easy, amid the stigma and discrimination that exist in the midst of society, the threat of death that always comes to them must also be able to maintain their lives and be able to improve their quality of life. This is so that people with HIV/AIDS can live healthy lives like normal humans and maintain a high life expectancy.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Purpose</em></strong></p> <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of self-management and self-concept on the quality of life of HIV AIDS patients, so that patients can survive.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Method</em></strong></p> <p><em>Literature search involving the Google scholar database, Science Direct and Pubmed articles published between 2011-2021 with the keywords quality of life for HIV AIDS patients, self management and self-concept.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results</em></strong></p> <p><em>7 articles reveal the influence of self-management and self-concept on the quality of life of HIV AIDS patients, so that patients have a long life expectancy and there is no stigma from society. A positive self-concept will make HIV AIDS patients live like others. The better HIV AIDS patients do self-management, the quality of life will increase.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion</em></strong></p> <p><em>A positive quality of life will motivate individuals to actualize themselves and not give in to the limitations of a positive self-concept which is very important in helping to overcome various life problems and provide a better quality of lif</em></p> Fida Dyah Puspasari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 10:13:40 +0700 HUBUNGAN BEBAN KERJA DAN PENGETAHUAN DENGAN PELAKSANAAN KESELAMATAN PASIEN (PATIEN SAFETY): REVIEW <p><strong><em>ABSTRACT</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: Patient safety is important in supporting the quality and quality of a health service provider. Workload and knowledge have an important role in reducing the risk of accidents or disability during treatment.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Purpose:</em></strong><em> To find out the relationship between workload and knowledge with patient safety.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Method:</em></strong><em> This research is a literature review using Google Scholar. The final journals obtained were 6 journals that had passed the screening.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> From the analysis of 6 journals, it was found that there was a relationship between workload and knowledge with patient safety.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> There is a relationship between workload and knowledge with patient safety</em></p> Roni Purnomo, Rahaju Ningtiyas, Cristina Sunadi Setiawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 10:16:21 +0700 HUBUNGAN KEADAAN LINGKUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAFASAN AKUT (PNEUMONIA) PADA BALITA <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>Pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age, especially in developing countries. Pneumonia is "the leading killer of children worldwide" and is often neglected so that pneumonia is called the forgotten killer of children. Among the five deaths in children under five, one of them was caused by pneumonia. Pneumonia risk factors can come from environmental factors such as exposure to cigarette smoke and the host in the form of poor nutritional status. Knowing the relationship between exposure to cigarette smoke and the incidence of pneumonia in toddlers and knowing the relationship between nutritional status and the incidence of pneumonia in. This research is a research using the method of literature review. Data obtained from secondary data using documentation techniques. Data documentation is based on journals related to research variables. There is a relationship between nutritional status in children under five with the incidence of pneumonia in children under five. There is a relationship between exposure to cigarette smoke and the incidence of pneumonia in children under five</em>.</p> Marlina Rajagukguk2, Abram Simanungkalit, Nasib M Situmorang ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 Jan 2022 10:18:09 +0700