Abstract

Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy will cause a bad influence on the mother, among others, with
hidramnion pregnancy, toxemia gravidarum, infection, and ketoacidosis. The effect on the
children, is a congenital disorder, respiratory failure syndrome, fetal death in utero,
hyperbilirubinemia, macrosomia, hypoglycemia, and hypocalcemia. On labor may occur atonic
uterus, uterine inseria, shoulder dystocia, stillbirth, termination of labor with action. This study
aims to identify factors that influence maternal whether the occurrence of gestational diabetes
mellitus.
This study was an observational analytic study with case control method, the entire population is
pregnant women who visited the hospital Goeteng Tarunadibrata Purbalingga in 2015. The
sample in this study were all pregnant women aged over 24 weeks of pregnancy were divided into
groups of cases are mothers pregnant gestational diabetes and control groups, namely pregnant
women who did not have gestational diabetes. The sample size in this study was calculated using
the formula rule of thumb and diadaptkan each group of 50 samples. Data were analyzed using
Chi-square test.
The results showed factors parity over a significantly (p <0.005) risk 3,622 times the incidence of
gestational diabetes mellitus, factor the number of pregnancies was significantly (p <0.005) at risk
of 4.827 times the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus, obesity factor did not have a
significant influence (p> 0.005) on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus, factors of
recurrent infections was significantly (p <0.005) risk 3,273 times the incidence of gestational
diabetes mellitus, factor family history of diabetes was significantly (p <0.005) risk 2,935 times
the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus
Keywords: Factors pregnant women, gestational diabetes