Papers published in the Viva Medika Journal may be considered for withdrawal from publication under the following circumstances:

1.Clear evidence of unreliable findings, whether due to errors (e.g., data falsification) or honest mistakes (e.g., calculation or experimental errors).
2. Prior publication elsewhere without appropriate cross-referencing, permission, or justification, which constitutes over-publication.
3. Indications of plagiarism.
4. Unethical research reporting.

The article retraction mechanism follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Retraction Guidelines, which can be accessed at

Sanctions for intentional errors take the form of an article labeled with 'Retract' status, which can damage the author's credibility