Abstract

In Indonesia the low Birth Weight Infants (LBW) is one of the factors the
causes of infant mortality. In 2008 in Central Java province percentage of Low
Birth Weight and 2,08%, preliminary survey that has been conducted at the
PROVINCIAL HOSPITAL in 2009, Cilacap case LBW reached 18% of the total
number of births. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship between
the parity of birthing mothers with babies of low birth weight incidence in Cilacap
HOSPITALS in 2009. The methods used in this research is descriptive analytic
approach with retrospective study, sampling using the technique of total sampling
namely whole mothers who gave birth in Hospitals Cilacap in 2009 IE as much as
1391 respondents, this study uses secondary data taken with medical record entry
look back mother who gave birth to Low Birth Weight babies in Hospitals Cilacap
in 2009.
The research results obtained by the incidence of Low Birth Weight most
occur on parity parity Group 1 and 2-4, based on the analysis of the obtained
results х ² count (0.019) < х ² table (5.991) and p value (0.991) > 0.005 there is
no relationship between the parity of birthing mothers with babies of low birth
weight incidence in Cilacap HOSPITALS in 2009. The conclusions of the study
results it can be concluded that there is no relationship between the parity of
birthing mothers with Low Birth Weight in Cilacap Hospitals in 2009.


Key words: maternal Parity in labor, Low Birth Weight