Abstract

Placental abruption is actually more dangerous than placenta previa for pregnant
women and janinya. Placental abruption is the separation of the placenta from normal
implementation before birth janin.Faktor cause placental abruption is unknown, but the
condition of placental abruption can be attributed to the following matters, namely high
blood pressure in the mother, maternal age or at high enough parity, smoking, poor nutrition
, chorioamnionitis, blunt trauma to the maternal abdomen, previous history of placental
abruption, the increase in volume and uterine size. This study To determine the relationship
between parity and history of hypertension in women giving birth with the incidence of
abruption plasentadi Hospital Dr. Margono Soekarjo 2009. This study researchers used a
correlation study with cross sectional approach. Samples using quota sampling. Sample this
study were all birth mothers of 100 respondents 37 mothers who experienced abruption and
63 who had not had abruption.
Results: From the results, most have parity primiparas as many as 38 respondents (38%), did
not have a history of hypertension as many as 60 respondents (60%). There is a relationship
between maternal parity on the incidence of placental abruption (χ² count> χ² table (18.919>
5.991)), there is a relationship between a history of hypertension on the incidence of
maternal placental abruption (χ² count> χ² table (26.605> 3.841)). There is a relationship
between parity and history of hypertension in women giving birth with the incidence of
abruption plasentadi Hospital Dr. Margono Soekarjo in 2009 (χ² count> χ² table).
Keywords: Parity, hypertension, placenta abruption