Abstract

Background : Neonatal asphyxia is a condition in babies can not breathe
spontaneously after birth. This is related to factors that arises in pregnancy,
childbirth or soon after birth, if it lasts too much can result in brain damage or
death. In hospitals Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo in 2008 there were 614 cases of
asphyxia with 48 meningggal (7.8%) and in 2009 there were 475 events in 40
cases died (8.42%).
Objective : The purpose of this study is to identify factors that influence neonatal
asphyxia in hospitals Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo in 2009.
Method : Design of this research is quantitative descriptive with cross sectional
approach. The population in this study were all newborns with asphyxia
neonatrum in hospitals Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto 2009. The
sampling technique purposive sampling 82 respondents.
Result : Most of asphyxia were as many as 41 respondents (50%). Based on the
mother's age the majority of respondents aged <20 years with asphyxia were 15
respondents (44.1%). Based on birth weight most of the respondents with low
birth weight with asphyxia were 21 respondents (52.5%). Based on the majority of
respondents experienced KPD KPD with asphyxia were 34 respondents (51.5%).
Based on the majority of respondents maternity deliveries to the action with
asphyxia were 28 respondents (47.5%). Based on neonatal factors largely
premature infants with asphyxia respondents were 21 respondents (48.8%).
Conclusion : Description of the factors affecting neonatal asphyxia in hospitals
Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo the year 2009 most of asphyxia were as many as 41
respondents (50%).


Keyword : Asphyxia, maternal age, birth weight, premature rupture of
membranes (PROM), type of delivery, premature.