Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis in children remains a public health problem in Indonesia. Lung
Health in the Community hall (BKPM) Purwokerto obtained prevalence of pulmonary
tuberculosis in children in the past 6 months was as high as 30 children under five and two of 30
children under five have never immunized BCG.
The method used to approach a case-control study, subjects were 30 person group that is the
case of children who have tuberculosis and 30 control group who did not tuberculosis.
Univariate analysis used percentage analysis, bivariate analysis used Chi Square (X ²) and Odds
Ratio (OR).
The results showed that most respondents had at BCG immunization (93.3%). BCG immunization
status with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis revealed no statistically significant
relationship where p = 0.500 (p> 0.05).
The conclusion from this study of children under five are yaitu sebagian at BCG
immunization, it can be concluded also that there was no association between BCG immunization
status with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in children under five age ≤ 5 years in the
Lung Center of Public Health (BKPM) Purwokerto.


Key words: BCG immunization status, pulmonary tuberculosis, child