Abstract

ccording to the MOH in 2010, the direct cause of maternal deaths in Indonesia related to pregnancy
and childbirth, especially that of bleeding (28%), then that is pre-eclampsia (24%), infection (11%),
complications of puerperium (8%), prolonged labor / loss (5%), abortion (5%), and others (14%).
Although abortion is not the biggest cause of maternal mortality, but the incidence of this requires
more attention because abortion can cause complications such as bleeding, perforation, sepsis, and
shock which can ultimately lead to maternal death. Hospital Cilacap in the incidence of abortion in
2012 as many as 331 cases (12.7%) of pregnant women in 2595, increased in 2013 as many as 355
cases (13.8%) out of 2557 pregnant women. The purpose of this study to know the description of risk
factors associated with abortion in pregnant women in hospitals Cilacap in 2013 based on maternal
age, parity, history of abortion, and pregnancy spacing. This research method using retrospective
study approach. This study uses secondary data taken in August, 2013 in General Hospital Cilacap.
Sampling using sampling saturated with the number of 355 respondents. The results showed risk
factors associated with abortion based mostly on the mother's age 20-35 years of age as many as 227
pregnant women (63.94%), risk factors associated with abortion based largely on a parity parity
multiparas as many as 154 pregnant women (43.38 %), risk factors associated with abortion based on
the history of abortion mostly occurs in women who have never experienced abortion as many as 241
pregnant women (67.88%), and the risk factors associated with abortion based on the distance
pregnancy mostly occurs in pregnant women with pregnancy spacing ≥2 years of the 177 pregnant
women (49.85%).


Keywords: abortion, pregnant women