Abstract

Maternal mortality rate in Indonesia is still high and is a major concern for health
development in Indonesia. Preeclampsia is a cause of maternal and perinatal
mortality is high, especially in developing countries like Indonesia. Past medical
history is a factor of preeclampsia. Existing conditions can include diabetes mellitus,
heart disease and hypertension. Hospital Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo is the biggest
referral hospital in Banyumas regency, the data obtained the incidence of
preeclampsia in the year 2011 as many as 374 cases (16.12%), in 2012 as many as
551 cases (16.59%) and increased in the year 2013 as many as 555 cases (16.46%).
The aim of research to determine the relationship between a history of hypertension
with preeclampsia in women giving birth in hospitals Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo
Purwokerto. This research is descriptive correlation with retrospective approach, the
population of all women giving birth in hospitals Prof.Dr.Margono Soekarjo
Purwokerto as many as 3371 women giving birth, the sampling technique is
purposive sampling with 97 women who develop preeclampsia. The type of data
using secondary data and instrument used master tables as well as data analysis
using Chi-square. The result showed the majority of respondents do not have a
history of hypertension as much as 54 respondents (55.7%), mostly experienced
preeclampsia of 50 respondents (51.5%). There is a relationship between a history of
hypertensive disease with an incidence of preeclampsia in maternal (þ-value (0.005)
<α (0.05). There is a relationship between a history of hypertension with
preeclampsia


Keywords: history of hypertension, preeclampsia, Mother Maternity